Have you ever been told by your dentist in Wellington that you have cavities, also known as caries? Cavities are common occurrences, and yet they are preventable. Our dental experts at Gumucio Dental try to spread the word about how cavities develop. We also provide our patients with best methods for preventing cavities from developing.
Understanding How Cavities Develop
Cavities are caused by tooth decay, which no one is immune to. It takes time for tooth decay to occur. First, because of foods and drinks we consume, such as carbohydrates and sugar, bacteria form in the mouth. Bacteria combines with saliva, and plaque forms, which sticks to the teeth. Minerals in your tooth’s outer enamel are removed by acids in the plaque, if the plaque is not removed. After parts of the enamel wear away from plaque, acid and bacteria reach the next layer of your teeth, which is called dentin. These holes in the enamel are cavities. Being softer than enamel, dentin is less resistant to acid. As decay continues, it moves to the pulp, which is the inner tooth material containing blood vessels and nerves. When decay gets to this stage, you can experience a severe toothache, pain when biting, sensitivity, and more symptoms. A final stage of destruction is a tooth abscess, caused by a bacterial infection.
We recommend several ways to prevent cavities. A critical step in cavity prevention is to brush and floss your teeth twice daily, to remove cavity-causing plaque. Schedule a professional cleaning twice per year with your dentist in Wellington. These visits are very important because accumulations of plaque are removed in areas that are easily missed when brushing and flossing at home. In addition, your dental expert will provide fluoride treatments and other preventative steps to help win the fight against cavities. Looking for signs of cavities and weakened enamel is always part of routine examinations, as well, to ensure that appropriate intervention is made as quickly as possible.
Another essential step in fighting off cavities is to avoid foods and drinks that cause cavities. Sugary and acidic foods should be avoided. Healthy alternatives such as vegetables, fruits, and dairy products can help to keep your teeth and gums healthy, strong, and cavity-free.
Signs You Have a Cavity
The first person to recognize that you have a cavity is usually your dentist, since dental X-rays help to identify soft spots in the teeth. You may be the first to realize a cavity may be developing, however. Sensitivity to heat, cold, and/or sweet foods and drinks could mean you have a cavity. You may experience a toothache. You could see dark spots and holes on your teeth, which are also signs of caries.
Your Dentist in Wellington – Gumucio Dental
Gumucio Dental is your dentist with the preventative dental care you need to prevent cavities. Regular cleanings and regular checkups are important cavity prevention measures. If a cavity does develop, Gumucio Dental will discover it, most likely, during a routine examination and provide a simple dental filling to stop any additional damage from occurring to the tooth.